What is stroke and what happens after your loved one has had it? Stroke can affect anyone and it occurs when blood supply is suddenly cut off to an area of the brain. Consequently, brain cells are deprived of oxygen and they begin to die. People can experience a temporary weakness of an arm or leg or are permanently paralysed on one side of their body. Has you or someone from your family had a stroke? Here are a few things that you should know as a caregiver.
1. Recovery and medication
You should be aware of the medications that your loved one needs to take as well as the possible side effects. If you have any doubts, it’s good to ask a doctor or a nurse for further clarification. Make sure that the diet is varied and healthy and that your loved one gets enough exercise. Recovery after a stroke depends on many factors. These are individual’s internal motivation, support of caregivers, and general health condition.
2. Prevent falls
Falls are common after stroke. You should prevent your loved one from falling. Make sure that your house is not cluttered. You can consider using a shower chair and increase lighting around the house. Remember to go to an Emergency Department if the injury after fall is severe. Also, if you can’t be with your loved one 24/7, try to use some monitoring equipment so that you know that they are safe at home when you are out.
3. Be patient and take a break
Care after stroke and recovery process can be slow. You need to have a lot of patience as a carer. The behaviour of the person after stroke can slightly change. It is the effect of damage to their brain. Encourage your loved one to do rehabilitation exercises regularly. Speak to them gently and listen to their needs and requirements. Also, do not forget to take a break from caring. You need that to recharge your energy levels. Respite care at home can be a good option in that case.